Direction of use
Holstein Friesian and Red Holsteins are high-performance cows and have their focus on milk. Their functional, easily milkable udders enable high daily performances over many lactations and meet the requirements of modern milking technology.
The breed is perfectly suited for high-milk production and is characterized by its special adaptability to all types of livestock farming in the dairy sector.
The current breeding goal consists of 45% milk, 40% fitness and 15% fitness. The aim is to breed an efficient dairy cow that is available over many lactations and that satisfies the housing conditions in question. The requirements for this are a good adaptability, a high feeding capacity, good health, good fertility and a good fundament. The genetic performance potential should be at least 10,000 kg milk with 4.0% fat and 3.4% protein.
Statistics & Distribution
Worldwide: 30 mill. registered cows (Herd Book)- 100 mill. animals
Europe: 15 mill. registered cows
Austria: 125,000 animals
Breed proportion: 6.3%
Holsteins are spread worldwide and they are proportionately the largest dairy breed.
Ø Milk performance: 8,483 kg – 4.09% F – 3.27% P (305 days)
Ø Beef performance:
|Daily weight gain (g)|
|200 days||365 days|
Control farms (Herds): 4,949
Height (cm, Ø): 150
Weight (kg, Ø): 775
Animals in Control farms: 85,102
Registered cows: 41,587
Origin: USA, Canada
1930 Establishment of the first breed association in Upper Austria
1965 Establishment of a breed association in Carinthia
1971 Establishment of the „Arbeitsgemeinschaft Österreichischer Schwarzbuntzüchter“
2010: Introduction of genomic genetic evaluation for Holstein cattle