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Tux Zillertaler

The Tux Zillertaler are small to medium-framed with a large body depth and a fine skeleton, a dry fundament and hard hooves. They are characterised by their red, brown and black colour with white markings on the back in the region of the sacrum, known as the “Federl”. The tail and the lower abdomen and lower breast are white, the horn tips and the hooves are darkly pigmented.

Tux-Zillertaler Herde
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Direction of use

The Tux- Zillertaler is a dual-purpose beef breed that is distinguished by easy births, high daily weight gains and a good meat quality. In milk production, the breeding goal is 4,500kg of milk to be produced from forage as far as possible. This is important to supply the calf in suckler herds with enough milk, which is the main direction of use. Quality meat production goes for a broad back, good muscles and aims to maintain the breed`s well-known and good meat quality.

Statistics & Distribution

  • Worldwide: 3,000 animals
  • Europe: 3,000 animals
  • Austria: 2,700 animals
  • Breed proportion in Austria: 0.14%

This race is mainly distributed in the Zillertal in the Tyrol but Tux- Zillertaler can now be found in all provinces of Austria.

Figures

Ø Milk performance: 4,578 kg – 3.87% F – 3.35% P (305 days)

Ø Beef performance:

  Daily weight gain (g)
  200 days 365 days
M 1 073.1 915.7
F 961.3 776.3

Control farms (Herds): 270

Height (cm, Ø): 130

Weight (kg, Ø): 600

Animals in control farms: 2,330

Registered cows: 1,081

Origin: Tyrol (A)

History

Area of origin: Little is known about the exact origin, but it is assumed that they are descended from the Eringern from the Swiss canton of Valais.

Original type: The Eringer came to Austria in the late Middle Ages through the Walser migrations where they probably merged with the Pinzgauer and Inntaler cattle in the Zillertal 

1848: Export of Tux-Zillertaler to Russia

Mid- 19th century: Beginning of the decline of the Tux-Zillertaler race

1856: In breeding exhibitions in Paris, lighter coloured cattle came into fashion. The view that dark cattle were less efficient was fatal for the Tux- Zillertaler breed

1920th: Many cows were sold in milking areas around Vienna and many bulls were sold as slaughter products

1933 – 1945: In the period of the Nazi regime, the new and modern breeds were highly propagated and this breed was weakened again

After 1945: Establishment of the Association for the Preservation of the Tuxer cattle

1966: Only 29 animals left in the Herd Book

1970th: Low point of this breed

1986: Establishment of the Association of the Tux- Zillertaler breeders in the Tyrol Foundation for the preservation of this ancient, native race

2001: „Breed of the year“ in Austria

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