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The torso of the Beef-Shorthorn cattle has the typical rectangular shape of all beef cattle breeds. This breed comes in the three colours of red, white and red roan. The latter occurs most frequently in Germany. In animals with a coloured coat, the lower abdomen most often sports with white spots. The horns are relatively short and are wax- coloured. Some animals are genetically polled and have a calm temperament.

Direction of use

Shorthorn comes in two breeding directions: Milk Shorthorn and Beef Shorthorn. In Germany one can only find animals of the beef breed. The Milk Shorthorn is a dual-purpose breed with an annual average milk yield of 4,800 kg with 3.6% fat and 3.3% protein. The Beef Shorthorn is kept in suckler cow herds.

Statistics & Distribution

  • Austria: 100 animals
  • Breed proportion in Austria: 0.01%

The Shorthorn breed is originally from the North East of England but now it is also located in North and South America and in many other countries. In Germany one can find animals of this breed on the peninsula of Eiderstedt.   


Ø Beef performance:

  Daily weight gain (g)
  200 days 365 days
M 975 1.086,50
F 1.179,00 1.136,00

Control farms (Herds): 3

Height (cm, Ø): 135

Weight (kg, Ø): 600

Animals in control farms: 21

Registered cows: 0

Origin: England (GB)


18th century: The Colling brothers bred the Shorthorns on the basis of their own herds of tall-grown cattle with a good milk performance

1822: First cattle Herd Book in the world and the first world widespread breed

Early 19th century: Export of the first animals to Germany

After 1945: Breed lost ground in Great Britain and Germany since the balance got lost due to non-selective breeding