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Salers

The Salers cattle are large framed, solid dark-red, sometimes black and have  remarkably long and curly hair. The mucous membranes as well as the muzzle are light in colour. This breed is characterized by its broad head with long, protruding horns which are usually turned outward. The tail tip is white, the animals are well muscled and have a strong fundament.

Direction of use

The Salers cattle are robust and are used as beef cattle in suckler cows. The meat of this breed is well marbled and tasty. In addition, this breed is suitable for life in the mountains. It is tough, undemanding and long-living.

Statistics & Distribution

  • Austria: 200 animals
  • Breed proportion in Austria: 0.01%

Salers cattle are now represented in over 30 countries, among them it can be found in France, Spain, Portugal, North and South America, Australia and in many other countries. Since the late 1980s, there are animals of this breed in Germany and Austria.

Facts

Ø Beef performance:

   Daily weight gain (g)
  200 days 365 days
M 1 045.3 1 003.4
F 981.9 898.1

Control farms (Herds): 3

Height (cm, Ø): 142

Weight (kg, Ø): 700

Animals in control farms: 158

Registered cows: 69

Origin: Massif Central (F)

History

It is assumed that cave paintings near the town of Salers display this breed. Therefore and because of the fact that relatedness to other French breeds is low, it is assumed, that the Salers are one of the oldest cattle breeds in Europe.

19th century: Start of breeding 

1853: First exhibition of this breed in Salers

1906: First Herd Book

1925: Start of milk performance tests

Until 1960s: Only represented in some departments of the Massif Central, since then almost all over France

Originally a three-purpose breed which became a beef dual-purpose breed

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