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The Limousin are medium to large framed beef cattle of a rectangular shape. The coat is solid red-brown with lighter patches in the area surrounding the eyes and the muzzle as well as the lower part of the chest. Bulls are darker than cows. The muzzle is pink and the head of these animals is relatively small. Another characteristic of this breed is the strong musculature of all the meat bearing parts of the body and a fine skeleton. The horns and hoofs are fair.

Limousinkuh mit Kalb auf der Weide

Direction of use

Animals of this breed are almost exclusively kept as beef cattle. The fattening bulls have high daily weight gains, a high dressing percentage, a strong musculature especially of the haunch section and a low affinity to fatty degeneration. The meat is tender and fine-fibrous. Bulls of this breed are good crossbreeding partners.

Statistics & Distribution

  • Austria: 40,700 animals
  • Breed proportion in Austria: 2.06%

The Limousin cattle are, starting from the original breeding area in the centre of France, exported to over 60 countries. Animals of this breed can be found in more than 40 countries. The breed came to Austria in the 1980s.


Ø Beef performance:

   Daily weight gain (g)
  200 days 365 days
M 1 156.0 1 092.5
F 1 062.4 950.9

Control farms (Herds): 125

Height (cm, Ø): 142

Weight (kg, Ø): 800

Animals in control farms: 3,993

Registered cows: 1,384

Origin: Limousin (F)


17th century: Limousin known for their suitability as draught animals

1860: Start of organized breeding, Suitability for work was the most important factor

1886: Establishment of a Herd Book

1900: Re-breeding from a working animal towards a beef cattle