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Jersey

Jersey cattle are small, petite and horned with a fine skeleton and less muscles. The colour ranges from yellow-brown to bright red, cream, black and occasionally they are even piebald. On the head, shoulder and hip they are almost always darker and many animals have a dorsal stripe. The muzzle is dark and always lined in a lighter colour. Animals of this breed have a short head with a broad forehead, a saddled brow line and large expressive eyes.

Jersey Rind
Meinhard Huber

Direction of use

The Jersey is a dairy breed and characterised by its good persistence in milk performance. Especially the high proportion of fat and protein is impressive. In addition these animals are early maturing, easy calving and have a long life.

Statistics & Distribution

  • Europe: 65,000 animals
  • Austria: 2,200 animals
  • Breed proportion in Austria: 0.11%

This breed is, according to Holstein, the world`s most common dairy breed. The main breeding countries are the USA, New Zealand, Canada, England and Denmark. In some cattle herds, Jersey cows are kept to raise the fat percentages in the milk stock.

Figures

Ø Milk performance: 5,567 kg – 5.22% F – 3.85% P (305 days)

Control farms (Herds): 314

Height (cm, Ø): 135

Weight (kg, Ø): 400

Animals in Control farms: 1,423

Registered cows: 766

Origin: Jersey (GBJ)

History

Type of origin: It is assumed that cattle from the Normandy and Brittany were involved in the formation of this breed

18th century: Already known due to the high- fat milk

1763: Ban on imports of cattle to Jersey to avoid the introduction of animal diseases, since then no crossbreeding with other breeds

1866: Establishment of the first Herd Book society

Early 19th century: Export of animals to the USA, and later to England and New Zealand

1900: Export of animals to Denmark, Germany imports animals from Denmark

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