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Hereford

The Hereford cattle are medium framed and solid red. The head, the lower part of the neck and the chest, the lower abdomen, the udder or scrotum, the tail tip, the lower part of the legs and a narrow strip at the top of the neck to the withers are white. The forehand is strongly developed, it has a great depth of chest and relatively short legs. Most animals are horned. The horns are typically drawn to the sides and curved downwards. Polled animals of this breed can be found in North America and Great Britain.

Direction of use

This breed is a long-living, undemanding, adaptable and climate-tolerant beef breed, that doesn`t get too fat. The animals are early maturing and easy calving.

Statistics & Distribution

  • Austria: 35 animals
  • Breed proportion in Austria: 0.00%

This breed is the most distributed beef breed on earth. Especially in the UK, North and South America, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and in many other countries you can find animals of this breed. In Germany there are only a few.

Figures

Ø Beef performance:

   Daily weight gain (g)
  200 days 365 days
M 756.7 526.0
F 657.5 1 162.0

Control farms (Herds): 1

Height (cm, Ø): 137

Weight (kg, Ø): 700

Animals in control farms: 6

Registered cows: 0

Origin: England (GB)

History

1800: At this time the breed acquired its appearance as a result of crossbreeding with cattle from Flanders

19th century: Selection for early maturity, reduction of the frame

1846: Publication of the first Herd Book

1878: Herd Book was taken over by the established „Hereford Herd Book Society“

1955: Appearance of the first polled Herefords in the U.K.

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