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The Gelbvieh cattle are a tall-growing, long, horned cattle with good muscles and strong bones. They are solid yellow and generally have a bright, but sometimes a dark muzzle.

Direction of use

The Gelbvieh are a dual-purpose beef breed and they are used in other countries especially as beef cattle. This breed is characterized by its fast growth, feed efficiency, early maturity and longevity. The carcass has a superior quality and a high dressing percentage. The meat is fine-fibrous, tender and well-marbled.

Statistics & Distribution

  • Austria: 1,000 animals
  • Breed proportion in Austria: 0.05%

Animals of this breed can be found in Franconia (with a focus on Lower Franconia), North and South America and South Africa.


Control farms (Herds): 8

Height (cm, Ø): 138- 158

Weight (kg, Ø): 700- 1300

Animals in control farms: 20

Registered cows: 10

Origin: Franconia (D)


Beginning of the 19th century: Introduction of Heilbronner cattle, a cross between “Rotem Landvieh” and “Rotbraunem Berner Vieh”, in Franconia in Germany

1870: Large variety of breeds with the predominance of yellow- brown breeds

1872: Formation of a clear breeding goal; the yellow Franconian cattle were created by crossbreeding Simmentaler, South- Devons and Shorthorns

1897: Establishment of a Breeding Organisation, no more crossbreeding was performed

1945: Crossbreeding of “Rotes Dänisches” and “Rotes Fämisches” cattle, constant exchange with other yellow cattle breeds

The total population decreased rapidly, because on the one hand stocks were abolished and on the other hand the Simmentaler became more popular