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Ennstaler Bergschecken

Ennstaler Bergschecken cattle are petite, small and fox- red cattle with typical white, small brindled markings. The head, the neck, the legs and the torso bottom are mostly white and speckled at the point of transition to where the body becomes pigmented. The ears are red, horns and claws are yellow and the muzzle is light pink. The dewlap is weakly developed.

Ennstaler Bergschecken

        

Lassacher J.

Direction of use

Ennstaler Bergschecken cattle are a dual-purpose breed and are bred and kept for both milk and beef production. Because of their early maturity, good fertility, excellent meat quality and satisfactory milk performance, the Bergschecken are well suited as suckler cows and for extensive farming. 

Statistics & Distribution

  • Austria: 600 animals
  • Breed proportion: 0.03%

The distribution of the Ennstaler Bergschecken is mainly limited to Styria. Individual herds can be also found in the other provinces of Austria, except for Vorarlberg, as well as in Bavaria.

Figures

Ø Milk performance: 4,358 kg – 3.71% F – 3.21% P (305 days)

Ø Beef performance:

  Daily weight gain (g)
  200 days 365 days
M 1 110.2 1 002.3
F 1 003.4 819.9

Control Farms (Herds): 42

Height (cm, Ø): 130

Weight (kg, Ø): 600

Animals in Control farms: 255

Registered cows: 142

Origin: Styria (A)

History

Region of origin: the North-Western part of Styria, in particular the Upper Ennstal around Irdning and Schladming

Original type: light, petite and fox-red cattle

From the 18th century: replaced by Murbodner, Blondvieh and Pinzgauer cattle

End of the 19th century: Systematic crossbreeding with Simmental cattle through purchases from Switzerland and Bavaria and livestock transfers from Krumau, Czech Republic, thereby Simmental cattle came to the farms

1902: Establishment of the first Bergschecken associations (the first one was established in Oberwölz, Styria) to promote pure breeding

Shift of the breeding goal towards milk, pursuit of larger, heavier animals

1921: Crossbreeding with the Simmental breed to obtain an average, sturdy Simmental type

Based on the valuable Bergschecken population, the “Styrian Alpine Fleckvieh” was developed

1928: Breed as part of the „Bergschecken- Fleckvieh Breeding Organisation”

1935: Pure Bergschecken be found only in the Ennstal

1945: Only a single major breed left

1950: Already widespread displacement of the breed by Simmental cattle

1986: There are only a few animals with breed specific characteristics left on three farms

1996: Herd Book is available again

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