Direction of use
This beef breed has a good meat quality, a low affinity to fatty degeneration as well as a high dressing percentage and an excellent meat conformation, especially of the valuable cuts. Due to their relatively late maturity for slaughter, the animals are well suited for fattening to a high final weight. In addition, this breed is well suited for crossbreeding.
Statistics & Distribution
- Austria: 18,000 animals
- Breed proportion in Austria: 0.91%
The Charolais are spread all over France and most other countries in Europe, North and South America and altogether in 70 countries of the world.
Ø Beef performance:
|Daily weight gain (g)|
|200 days||365 days|
|M||1 211.2||1 165.5|
Control farms (Herds): 159
Height (cm, Ø): 145
Weight (kg, Ø): 800
Animals in control farms: 4,570
Registered cows: 1,754
Origin: Nievre and Charolles (F)
19th century: This breed goes back to a land breed which was distributed around Charolles (France) and crossed with white Shorthorns. The breeding concentrated on heavy, easy fattening, working oxen.
1864: Herd Book for the Nievre-Charolaise-breed
1882: Establishment of a second Herd Book
1919: Union of these two Herd Books to one Charolais Herd Book
After 1945: Breed gained in international importance
1960: Import of the first cattle to Germany
1970s: First imports to Austria