language selection


Carinthian Blondvieh

The Carinthian Blondvieh are medium-framed cattle with a long head and a fine skeleton. The long middle-quarters and not too strong hind-quarters (not double-muscled), the solid almost white to dark-blonde coat, as well as the light pigmented mucosa and the solid leather-coloured muzzle are characteristic of this breed. The hooves and horns are waxen-yellow.

Kärntner Blondvieh
Leitner

Direction of use

The Carinthian Blondvieh is a dual-purpose breed with beef as the main use and milk coming in second. Today it is appreciated as a suckling cow. The few cows that are still under milk production confirm with a capacity of more than 5,000 kg milk per lactation, their suitability for use as dual-purpose cattle. Most of the female offspring are used as breeding animals, male offspring that are not suitable for breeding are usually used as adjusters (Einsteller) or sold directly from the farm. The high quality of the meat is established once again and is in high demand.

Statistics & Distribution

  • Austria: 3,100 animals
  • Breed proportion in Austria: 0.16%

The Carinthian Blondvieh is in addition to Carinthia now also represented in Styria, the Tyrol and Burgenland. There might be occasional breeds also in Slovenia, but they are not monitored in breeding terms.

Figures

Ø Milk performance: 5,257 kg – 4.20% F – 3.26% P (305 days)

Ø Beef performance:

   Daily weight gain (g)
  200 days 365 days
M 1 119.2 966.4
F 1 033.8 877.3

Control farms (Herds): 123

Height (cm, Ø): 137

Weight (kg, Ø): 600

Animals in Control Farms: 2,283

Registered cows: 1,112

Origin: Carinthia (A), Slovenia

History

Area of origin: This breed was kept in Lower Carinthia, especially in the districts of St. Veit an der Glan, Wolfsberg, Völkermarkt, Klagenfurt-Land and in parts of the Styrian district of Murau around Neumarkt.

Original type: It is assumed that mainly Hungarian Grey cattle, but also Baiuvarii and Slavic cattle were involved in the formation of this breed.

End of the 18th century: Rapid spread in Carinthia and partly in Styria, represents the transition from Hungarian steppe breeds to alpine breeds

1890: Agreement on the name “Carinthian Blondvieh” by the Central Committee of the Carinthian Agricultural Society, resolution on breeding measures to promote this breed

1902: Resolution on breed selection rules

1924: Resolution of a law regarding the licensing and keeping of male domestic animals for breeding. This should result in an improvement of the Blondvieh by pure breeding with consideration to the appropriate selection.

Early 20th century: Crossbreeding of Simmentals and Frankenvieh did not bring the desired success

1930: Blondvieh account for only 37% of the cattle population in Carinthia

1938: Association of independent breeding associations for „Blondvieh Südmark“

After 1945: Establishment of the Blondvieh breeding organisation Carinthia- Styria, thereby complete fusion of the breeding areas and accelerated standardization of the breeding stock

1954: at that time, the breeding goal demanded a combined, single-coloured light, medium-framed dairy and beef cattle, in which, however, the ability to work was still under observation

1980: Carinthian Blondvieh is threatened with extinction

1990: Again a slight upwards trend for the breed

1994: Re-foundation of the Blondvieh breeding association, slow upwards movement of the stock

Since 1999: Breeding effort by the Carinthian cattle organisation ZVB (Association of Carinthian Cattle Breeders) as the responsible organization. Furthermore, steady upwards trend of the Carinthian Blondvieh livestock in Austria.

back